Movement Based Foot and Lower Body Issues
Causes and ALINE Solutions
Many lower body injuries and pain can be traced to poor movement patterns. These poor movement patterns many times start at the feet. They also may be from muscles in your legs, hips or back compensating for this motion. Improper footwear is also major source of poor motion that creates short and long term injuries. This guide is designed to help find a solution that’s right for you.
These topics should not be considered a replacement for medical advice. If you are feeling pain contact your physician or use our lookup tool to find an ALINE Provider near you. Pain is your body telling you it's time to take action. Let ALINE help
Plantar Fasciitis is irritation and swelling of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. When the fascia is inflamed, it can be painful and make walking difficult. The most common complaint is pain along the bottom of the arch and heel. Many time the pain starts in the heel and is confused with a heel spur. Sharp pain is usually worse in the morning and will often subside throughout the day. By the end of the day the pain may be replaced by a dull ache that improves with rest and treatment.
Plantar Fasciitis is a repetitive stretching of the fascia from collapsing arches that are unsupported and leads to excessively shearing from no stability. ALINEs support the foot by creating a suspension system under your foot, the same way your car has a suspension system. This allows your foot to withstand impacts when walking, running, or participating in any other sport. Your forefoot will no longer slide and stretch the fascia bands under your foot. Even if you already have plantar fasciitis, we find that most people using ALINEs experience reduced pain in less than two weeks.
Heel Spurs or Exostosis
Heel spurs are deposits of calcium that are a result of tension and inflammation in the plantar fascia attachment to the heel. Regular running, jumping, or any activity that can cause the plantar fascia ligament to stretch or extend excessively, can cause a heel spur to develop. The heel spur growth itself has no feeling; however, pain results from the protrusion of the heel spur into soft tissue around the heel. Similar to Plantar Fasciitis, ALINEs support your foot with a suspension system that reduces the impact forces imparted on the fascia bands. This in turn reduces excessive stretching or extension of the plantar fascia ligament and can reduce the formation or growth of heel spurs.
A bunion is an enlargement of bone at the joint at the base of the big toe .The big toe may turn in toward the second toe, which leads to the tissues surrounding the joint to become swollen and tender. Bunions develop when the pressure of bearing and shifting your weight fall unevenly on the joints and tendons in your feet. This imbalance in pressure makes your big toe joint unstable, eventually molding the parts of the joint into a hard knob that juts out beyond the normal shape of your foot.
Poor-fitting footwear is the main cause of bunion formation. Interestingly, when you look at the skeletal record of humans throughout our evolution, no bunions were found until we started wearing shoes.
ALINEs allow your foot to redistribute the pressure evenly as it was engineered to do over the course of our evolution. Although ALINEs will not get rid of an existing bunion, they can help slow the growth or initial formation of a bunion.
A blister is a small pocket of fluid, within the upper layers of the skin, which are typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection. There are many theories as to why blisters form, but all are similar in their statement that friction on the skin surface causes blisters. When a foot has a suitable range of motion and is properly supported, blisters are usually minimized.
ALINEs support the foot and create a suspension system that reduces unnecessary motion and friction. The three suspension zones of the ALINE create a structure that minimizes the motion of the foot in relation to the insole. Problems can occur when the Achilles or other tendons are so rigid that they force the foot to rise up from the surface of the insole. Once the foot is no longer in contact with the insole, it is possible for the foot to move and friction to occur. In addition to a suspension system that reduces blisters, it is important to stretch the tendons of the calf and foot to increase flexibility and reduce rigidity.
ALINEs give suspension the foot needs once it has been suitably stretched to regain its flexibility. These two factors together will reduce or eliminate blisters.
Achilles tendonitis, a common injury that tends to occur in recreational athletes, is irritation and inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the ankle. Overuse of the Achilles tendon can cause inflammation, pain, and swelling. People with Achilles tendonitis have chronic Achilles swelling and pain, which results from degenerative, microscopic tears within the tendon.
ALINEs position the foot to reduce negative forces on the tendon. This, in addition to stretching the calf muscles once or twice a day, will lead to good short term results. Proper strengthening of the calf muscles can actually reverse the structural changes associated with chronic Achilles tendonitis. We recommend using a calf stretcher like the ProStretch or standing on the edge of a step. Slowly lower your heel over the edge and then return it to the start position. Repeat this action for approximately 30 seconds 3 times with each leg.
Morton's neuroma is a benign neuroma of an inter-metatarsal plantar nerve, most commonly of the third and fourth inter-metatarsal spaces. This problem is characterized by numbness and pain, sometimes relieved by removing footwear. Symptoms include: pain on weight bearing, frequently after only a short time; felt as a shooting pain affecting the space between two toes.
Anything that causes compression or irritation of the nerve can lead to the development of a neuroma. One of the most common causes is a shearing movement of the foot inside the shoe due to improper movement. Wearing shoes that have a tapered toe box, or high-heeled shoes can also cause the toes to be forced into the toe box leading to a neuroma.
ALINEs provide your foot and ankle with the support needed to reduce pressure and compression on the nerve. Our patented support for the metatarsal arch reduces the pressure on the nerve and decreases the compression when you are active. Proper movement of the foot and ankle reduce the compression of the nerves of the foot.
Metatarsalgia is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region of the foot (the area just before the toes, more commonly referred to as the ball-of-the-foot). It is common to experience acute, recurrent, and/or chronic pain with metatarsalgia that is often caused from improper foot movement or improper footwear.
You may experience metatarsalgia if you're physically active and participate in activities that involve running and jumping. These activities place stress on a foot that does not move well.
As with a Morton’s Neuroma, the solution is proper support in your footwear. ALINEs provide your foot and ankle the support needed to reduce pressure and compression on the ball of the foot. Our patented support for the metatarsal arch reduces the pressure on the nerve and decreases the compression when you are active.
Fractures, normally of the fifth Metatarsal
Fractures or “breaks” are common in the fifth metatarsal. The fifth metatarsal is the long bone on the outside of the foot that connects to the little toe. Two types of fractures that often occur in the fifth metatarsal are:
Avulsion fracture. In an avulsion fracture, a small piece of bone is pulled off the main portion of the bone by a tendon. This type of fracture is the result of an injury in which the ankle rolls. Avulsion fractures are often overlooked when they occur with an ankle sprain.
Jones fracture. Jones fractures occur in a small area of the fifth metatarsal that receives less blood and is therefore more prone to difficulties in healing. A Jones fracture can be either a stress fracture (a tiny hairline break that occurs over time) or an acute (sudden) break. Jones fractures are caused by overuse, repetitive stress, or trauma. They are less common and more difficult to treat than avulsion fractures.
The patented ALINE suspension system is specifically targeted at suspending the fifth metatarsal and can reducing the possibility of fracture entirely. When an athlete jumps and then lands, it is not uncommon for the end of the fifth metatarsal to impact the ground first, and therefore bear much of the dynamic force of the landing. The ALINE suspension system creates a suspension zone directly under this area of the foot to support the fifth metatarsal but allows it to drop slightly without actually hitting the ground surface. This allows the larger area of the bottom foot surface to contact the ground and bear the brunt of the landing force. Only the ALINE system has this patented feature to reduce the possibility of this injury.
The term shin splints refers to pain along or just behind the shinbone (tibia). The tibia is the large bone in the front of the lower leg. Shin splints occur during physical activity and result from too much force on the shinbone and connective tissues attaching the muscles to it. Shin splints are common in runners and in those who participate in activities with sudden stops and starts, such as basketball, soccer or tennis.
A primary factor that causes shin splints is a sudden increase in distance or intensity of a workout schedule coupled with improper movement of the foot. This increase in muscle work can be associated with inflammation of the lower leg muscles, the muscles that are used to move the foot. This situation can be aggravated by a tendency of the foot to excessively pronate. Similarly, a tight Achilles tendon or weak ankle muscles are also often implicated in the development of shin splints.
ALINEs reduce the tendency of a person to excessively pronate when running, walking, or participating in any other activity. Our system of lower body alignment through the foot suspension and support can reduce any over pronation of a person’s foot. This adjustment in alignment, in conjunction with Achilles tendon stretches can eliminate the causes of shin splints in most people.
Turf toe is a sprain of the ligaments at the big toe joint, which works primarily as a hinge to permit push off during motion. Just behind the big toe joint in the ball of your foot are two pea-shaped bones embedded in the tendon that help move your big toe. These bones, referred to as sesamoids, work to enhance the pulley for the tendon of the big toe and provide leverage when you walk or run. They also absorb the weight that presses on the ball of the foot.
The most common symptom of turf toe is pain at the base of the big toe that occurs suddenly from the result of an injury. Sometimes when the injury occurs, a "pop" can be felt. Usually the entire joint is involved and toe movement is limited.
One way to prevent turf toe is to use ALINEs to help keep the toe joint from over bending. The ALINE suspension system can create a more stable base for your foot to react against and reduce unneeded motion. This, in conjunction with proper footwear that is supportive in the toe region can reduce the possibility of turf toe.
Many people don't relate back pain to their feet. Poor movement at the ground causes compensation all the way up the lower body. This may be seen as tight IT bands or other issues. Once the body begins compensation for poor foot movement muscles tighten all the way to the back. Poor alignment has also been seen to reduce back and hip mobility impacting performance and resulting overtime time in an injury.
If you don’t see an answer that fits you please contact us so we can help you Move Better, Perform Better and Feel Better.